In old age, many people are not able to take care of themselves, in terms of their health, safety, and well being. Therefore, they often move to facilities that provide them assistance. These facilities are referred to as assisted living facilities and provide general care delivery and management services. They are a combination of housing, personalized help, supportive services, and healthcare assistance for your elderly loved ones. They often provide personal care services like meals, housekeeping, transportation, and assistance with activities of daily living (such as bathing, dressing, toileting, medication, etc).
The concept of assisted living communities emerged in the late 1990s as the baby boomers began to grow old. At that time, continuous care of the elderly became a requirement, particularly for those who could not live independently but also did not need the 24-hour medical care and attention of nursing homes. Consequently, various attempts were made to provide varied services to seniors under one umbrella. The residents in these assisted living facilities remained independent, as compared to those who were living in nursing homes, though they had constant supervision.
Assisted living falls in-between home care and nursing homes. Before the concept of assisted living came into being, a person who needed professional care went to a nursing home, even though the care didn’t require the intensive supervision and control of a nursing home. The fairly new alternative of assisted living provides a more home-like environment for people needing or anticipating help with activities of daily living or incidental activities of daily living, though 24-hour nursing care is not a necessity.
Despite the advantages of living in assisted living for many seniors, there are also disadvantages. Examples of both are discussed below.
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) engulfs a person mainly by the presence of sticky deposits of protein called amyloid that the human body makes naturally. But this protein tends to get accumulated in their brains in the form of a plaque in the Alzheimer’s patients. Beta-amyloid is the chief component of the plaques. As these plaques grow, they damage the nerve cells and cut off their ability to communicate with other cells. For a long time the scientists have been struggling to find ways to remove plaque either with a drug or a vaccine, but unfortunately this has not proven successful.
Currently there is no cure for the disease, but the scientific research is probably bringing us closer to the breakthroughs. The new research by the British, American and Canadian scientists has been hailed as the most important breakthrough in the disease yet. In fact the preliminary results appear to be safe with no side effects. It holds true for some patients who are relatively in the early stages of the disease, who have lost some memory but not all. For these kinds of patients there is a chance of hopefully halting the progression of the disease.
According to the CDC (the centers for disease control and prevention) some of the most common cancers among men are – prostate, lung and the colorectal cancers. Prostate cancer is also the second common cause of death among white, African American, American Indian/Alaska Native and Hispanic men, and the fourth most common cause of death from cancer among Asian/Pacific Islander men. It is the most common malignant cancer with the increased incidence over the last decade.
About 1 in 7 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetimes.It is a form of cancer that forms in the tissues of the prostate (a gland in the male reproductive system that lies below the bladder and in front of the rectum). It is more likely to occur in older men but can concurrently occur at any age.
An estimated new cases and deaths from prostate cancer in the United States in 2014 is about 233,000 and 29,480 respectively. However, cancer is slowly but surely becoming more common in the elderly because of the increase in life expectancy. It usually is a very slow growing cancer, often causing no symptoms until it is in an advanced age. Most of the men with prostate cancer die because of other reasons and many do not even know if they have the disease. But the cancer becomes dangerous once it begins to grow and spread outside the prostate.